By Temitope Ponle
Abuja – The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said it was committed to respond to the needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Nigeria and globally by rebuilding their lives.
President of the ICRC, Peter Maurer, stated this in a recently published ICRC report on urban displacement.
The report titled “Displaced in Cities: Experiencing and Responding to Urban Internal Displacement Outside Camps’’ is in commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.
The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, adopted in 1998, set out a legally non-binding normative framework for the protection of and assistance to IDPs.
It derived from existing legal obligations under both international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL).
The report is based on a research done by the divisions of protection and of policy and of humanitarian diplomacy of the ICRC.
The ICRC, in the report, called on humanitarian organisations and other actors involved in humanitarian response to concentrate on improving four core areas of response.
The areas are: placing people at the centre, focusing on dignity and resilience, building responses on reliable data and exploring opportunities created by urban displacement.
The Protection Coordinator, ICRC Nigeria, Maryam Kashefi, at a presentation and discussion on the report in Abuja, said the research was based on four case studies including Maiduguri.
Kashefi noted that the report showed that little was known of people’s experience of displacement in urban settings and outside camps as well as those of host communities.
“Despite states’ and humanitarian organisations’ efforts to develop better responses in urban settings in recent years, important improvements are still required to sustainably address the needs of urban IDPs.
“It reflects on people’s experience of displacement in their own words, identifies challenges and proposes inspiring approaches to strengthen the humanitarian response.
“Therefore, we hope that after having presented the key findings and recommendations, we can engage in a constructive discussion around the issues raised.”
The report aims to contribute to strengthening the humanitarian response to internal displacement outside camps in urban settings.
Published in September, it features displacements in Mosul in Iraq, San Pedro Sula in Honduras, and Baidoa in Somalia.