Since agreeing a license covering some patents from the Nokia Technologies portfolio in 2011, Apple has declined subsequent offers made by Nokia to license other of its patented inventions. “Such inventions are used by many of Apple’s products,” Nokia said in a statement, reported by media on Thursday. Nokia Corp (NOKIA.HE) said on Wednesday it had filed a number of lawsuits against Apple Inc. (AAPL.O) for violating 32 technology patents. By such move it strikes back at the iPhone maker’s legal action targeting the one-time cellphone industry leader a day earlier. Nokia’s lawsuits, filed in courts in Dusseldorf, Mannheim and Munich, Germany, and the U.S. District-Court for the Eastern-District of Texas, cover patents for displays, user-interfaces, software, antennas, chipsets and video-coding. Apple on Tuesday had taken legal action against Acacia Research Corp (ACTG.O) and Conversant Intellectual Property Management Inc [GEGGIM.UL], accusing them of colluding with Nokia to extract and extort exorbitant revenues unfairly from Apple. “We’ve always been willing to pay a fair price to secure the rights of patents covering technology in our products,” said Apple spokesman, Josh Rosenstock. “Unfortunately, Nokia has refused to license their patents on a fair-basis and is now using the tactics of a patent-troll to attempt to extort money from Apple by applying a royalty-rate to Apple’s own inventions they had nothing to do with,” the statement said. Acacia and Conversant did not immediately respond to requests for comment, and Nokia was not immediately available to comment on the Apple lawsuit. The legal action by Nokia and Apple appear to mark a revival of the “smartphone patent wars” that began five years ago. Five years ago, Apple filed a series of patent infringement cases against Samsung Electronics ( 005930.KS) around the world, with wins and losses on both sides. Apple’s lawsuit against Acacia, Conversant and Nokia was filed only one day after Ottawa-based Conversant named Boris Teksler as its new chief executive. He had worked as Apple’s director of patent licensing and strategy from 2009 to 2013, the latter half of his tenure overlapping with the lawsuits against Samsung. Acacia is a publicly traded patent licensing firm based in Newport Beach, California. One of its subsidiaries sued Apple for patent infringement and was awarded $22 million by a Texas jury in September. Similarly, Conversant, which claims to own thousands of patents, announced last week that a Silicon-Valley jury had awarded one of its units a 7.3 million dollars settlement in an infringement-case against Apple involving two smartphone-patents. Nokia, once the world’s dominant cellphone maker, missed out on the transition to smartphones triggered by Apple’s introduction of
the iPhone in 2007. The Finnish company sold its handset business to Microsoft Corp (MSFT.O) two years ago, leaving it with its telecom network equipment business and a bulging portfolio of mobile equipment patents. But this year, Microsoft sold its Nokia-feature phone business to a new company called HMD
Global. Nokia agreed to a 10-year licensing deal with HMD, which continues to market low-cost Nokia
phones and plans to introduce new Nokia smartphone models next year.