Scientists find cure for Hepatitis B, win Nobel Prize




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Houghton,Harvey Alter and Charles Rice,all British scientists, have jointly won 2020 Nobel Prize in Medicine for discovery of Hepatitis B cure.

 

The Nobel Prize Committee said their discoveries ultimately “saved millions of lives”.

The virus is a common cause of liver cancer and a major reason why people need a liver transplant.

More than 300 million people have chronic liver infections globally and about 600,000 people die annually from acute or chronic complications of Hepatitis B infection.

 

The highest prevalence of Hepatitis B infection is in sub-Saharan Africa with about 19 million Nigerians living with the disease.
Majority of the people in these regions become infected during childhood and between 5–10% of the adult population is chronically infected.

In the 1960s, there was huge concern that people receiving donated blood were getting chronic hepatitis (liver inflammation) from an unknown, mysterious disease.

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