Court upholds FRSC’s power to fine motorists without trial




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A Federal High in Abuja has upheld the powers of the Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) to fine motorists for alleged traffic offences without first prosecuting them in a court of law.

Justice Taiwo Taiwo gave the decision on August 27, 2021 while dismissing a suit by a motorist, Dr M.Y Suleiman, seeking N10million as damages from the FRSC for the detention of his car.

The car’s detention followed Suleiman’s alleged violation of a traffic offence and his subsequent payment of a fine without first being prosecuted.

The judge held contrary to the plaintiff’s claim, the practice whereby road marshals issue tickets to motorists on allegation of the commission of offences under the National Road Traffic Regulations, 2012 and demand ‘offenders’ to pay a fine, did not offend section 6(6) of the Constitution, Rules 166 and 220 of the National Road Traffic Regulations.

He noted the matter had already been settled by Tijani Abubakar JCA (as he then was) at the of Appeal, Lagos Division in the 2019 case of Olookan v FRSC.


Suleiman filed the suit FHC/ABJ/CS/1167/2019 following the detention of his car, for, among others, his making a call in his car while driving.

He sought nine reliefs, including a declaration fair hearing was not achieved by the FRSC issuing a ticket to him to pay a fine, since the defendants were the complainants, prosecutors and the judge in their cause and consequently the fine he paid was unlawful.

But dismissing his claims for want of merit, the judge held Suleiman did not deny making a call in his car but tried to rationalise his actions by saying that his phone was connected to his car.

He said: “It is borne out of the facts presented by both parties before the court the Plaintiff was issued with a Notice of Offence and that the plaintiff actually paid the fine. I see no wrong done to the plaintiff who elected to pay the fine rather than being prosecuted.


“The Court of Appeal, Lagos Division has decided this issue similar to the complaint of the plaintiff herein in the case of Olookan v FRSC (2019).

“Permit me to reproduce the decision of Lord Tijani Abubakar JCA (as he then was), which to my mind has laid to rest the complainant of the plaintiff as to payment of the fine: ‘I do not think I need to add any of my reasoning to the decision of my Lord Tijani Abubakar JCA (as he then was) which has decided the issues as to the payment of the fine which constitutes a waiver by the plaintiff to so do in order not to be charged to court.’

“It is my conclusion therefore all the issues for determination ought to and are hereby resolved against the plaintiff herein from my analysis of the issues vis-à-vis the law and decided cases cited in this judgment.

“Therefore, all the reliefs being sought are hereby refused whether in the main or consequentially.

“On the release of the vehicle of the plaintiff, and his claim for general and exemplary damages in the sum of N10,000,000, his entitlement to this claim has not been proved by the plaintiff.

“All he stated was his vehicle was detained illegally from the 4th of July 2019 till the time the case was filed. It is not on record as to when the vehicle was released to him especially after the payment of the fine. The law is clear as to when the 1st defendant must release the vehicle lawfully impounded. It is trite law that the court cannot make up a case for any of the parties before it and the court is also not a Father Christmas to give unto anyone as it pleases.

“In concluding this judgment I think it proper to state no reasonable court of law will set aside a law that is justifiable in a democratic society like the Regulations made pursuant to the Act establishing the 1st and 2nd defendants.

“Therefore I find no merit in the suit filed by the Plaintiff. The same is accordingly dismissed. This is the judgement of the court.”

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